Landlords should focus on simple and affordable upgrades to their properties rather than expensive upgrades such as ground source heat pumps, a leading consultancy has claimed in its new report.

Kamma, which has launched a new website to highlight this called Property Zero, says landlords and homeowners should tackle smaller improvements first.

This includes installing modern temperature controls, hot water cylinder insulation, draught-proofing and low energy lighting.

Kamma’s new analysis of the nation’s EPC registers, calibrated to real emissions data from UK energy companies, reveals that if landlords spend on average £255 upgrading their homes now this would save tenants £53 a year in fuel bills or £74 if the energy price cap increases by 40%, as expected.

This would also reduce the UK’s carbon emissions by 674,000 tonnes every year.

orla shields kamma

“Government targets are to make all homes band C where practical, cost-effective and affordable and yet, so far, the sector has not focussed enough on the most practical, cost-effective or affordable improvements,” says CEO Orla Shields (pictured).

“Insulation, decarbonising the national grid and heat pumps are all vital steps in the fight against climate change, but there are cheaper, simpler first steps that a large number of landlords can take.

“EPC data is freely available through various registers, but is often out of date and contains a number of inaccuracies which make it hard to base government policy, business strategy or homeowner decisions on.”

Read more about EPC compliance.


  1. This is such good common sense! If we got the whole housing sector to do these simple things we would save much more energy from being wasted (and CO2 being produced) than from the PRS trying to achieve EPC C on its own.

    Enforcing EPC C on the PRS is just going to shift the worst houses (and even the quite-good-but-too-difficult-to-do houses) from the PRS to the owner occupier sector. The hoped for improvements will not be made and the PRS will become smaller & more expensive, heaping even more pressure on tenants.

    Will the Govt listen? I doubt it! My first EPC D house (with all the listed improvements done) is on the market as we speak with others to follow because EPC C is too expensive, too intrusive and above all is based on a cost metric instead of a carbon one.

  2. The problem now, is that LLs still dont know what changes are coming nor when.

    Nor do we know what impact any changes we implement now will have on the new rules.

    So, it doesnt make sense to spend a single penny on anything other than legally required basics.

    What is intended to improve (penalise) just one sector of housing is yet again doing the opposite.

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