|Insurance for Rental Properties||Insurance for Landlords and Tenants|
First and foremost the landlord should be concerned about the substantial risks now posed by third party liabilities. In the litigious society in which we live, anyone operating a business, and a landlord is certainly doing that, can easily find themselves on the wrong side of a lawsuit which can seriously damage your wealth - and probably your health as well!
You only need to watch day-time TV for a brief spell to see how many law firms are touting for the business of anyone who has the slightest inkling of an accident claim.
Make sure your policy includes Property Owners Liability up to something like £5 million of cover. It is vital that you are covered in this way against death, injury or damage to individuals on or near your property, for example: tenants, visitors and guests, meter readers, postmen etc. Local authorities and Universities will normally specify a minimum amount of cover needed when you house housing benefit tenants or students.
Ironically, it's this third party liability, the greatest risk to the landlord, which is often overlooked!
As a small time or part-time landlord you might think that Employers' Liability is the last thing you need - you'd be wrong! Usually buildings policies will provide some kind of Employers' Liability cover. This covers claims for death or injury to anyone you employ at your property, for example you may employ, on a casual basis only, a gardener / handyman, a property repairer or a painter and decorator.
The next priority, once you have taken care of third party risks, is to protect your investment. You need to cover your building against all insurable risks to the full replacement cost, including the cost of clearing the site after complete destruction and all professional's fees.
Remember, the replacement cost is not necessarily the same as the market value of the property or the price you paid for it! If you under insure your building you could fall victim to the insurer's averaging policy - you will not get the full amount of any claim (see Insurance Principles) so work out the replacement value accurately.
You can get a reasonably accurate insurance valuation on standard types of residnetial proeprty if you go to the Association of British Insurers (ABI) website and their Building Costs Calculator.
Better still and particularly in the case of unusual properties such as old, listed, conservation area, thatched or other specialist properties get a professional insurance valuation by a chartered building surveyor (see Directory for Chartered Surveyors) In the case of commercial property it is always advisable to get a professional valuation.
Most insurers will index link the annual premiums to the Retail Price Index so that you maintain an accurate insurance value over time, but of course this is all dependent on you getting the value right in the first place.
It's important to remember to get permission in writing from your mortgage lender, your insurer and you landlord (leasehold property) before you let your property to tenants. This is very important as your insurance cover could be void if you fail to do this.
Perils Covered: The perils usually included in most popular building risks policies include: Burglary and Theft, Bursts and Water leaks, Fire, Smoke, Storm and Flood, Subsidence, Vehicle Impact, Aircraft Damage, Lightening, Explosion and Malicious Damage.
Loss of Rent: Most specialist landlord policies will cover loss of rent and tenant accommodation cover in the event of a major catastrophe where the building is rendered uninhabitable. See also Rent Guarantee below.
Make sure that your landlord's policy does actually cover all of these perils in the standard price. Some insurers have additional charges for some perils, which makes the policy appear very competitive on price - compare policies carefully before chosing.
Unlike owner occupied properties, landlords do not normally need full contents cover. Contents cover on a typical owner occupied household could be anything from £35,000 and upwards. A tenanted property would typically involve a much lower figure as the tenant is responsible for much of the contents. This is particularly so when the property is let un-furnished or partially furnished - an increasingly popular trend.
Limited Contents cover would typically be in the region of £10,000 to £15,000 and would cover landlords for the loss or damage to items supplied such as carpets, furniture, pictures, ornaments, curtains and blinds, electrical equipment provided such as Hoovers, TVs, light fittings, and kitchen equipment such as fridges, washers, dryers, dishwashers etc on a new for old basis.
Full Contents cover may be more appropriate where the property is let on a fully furnished basis.
Where a house is let fully furnished, especially where this is the landlords main residence with valuable contents, then full contents cover is needed. The landlord should also complete a full inventory of contents, along with photographic evidence and schedule of values. The sum insured should be adequate to cover the replacement value of the contents in total.
Specialist Lettings: Some tenants carry higher risks and some insurers are reluctant to cover such risks. For example, students and Housing Benefit tenants or properties converted for HMO (House in Multiple Occupation) Certain of our specialist insurers will be able to advise on the best options for insuring these types of risk.
This normally covers a contractor's call out charges, labour charges and parts and materials up to, for example, a maximum of £600 (including VAT) for each emergency in connection with:
This type of cover can be very useful where the landlord does not use a managing agents but lives some distance away from the property. See Maintenance Plans
In the absence of viable alternatives [pensions], investment in property has become a phenomenon of 21st century Britain, holiday lets, holiday homes and holiday letting businesses are no exception.
In addition, there are some valuable tax advantages with holiday lets over buy-to-let properties. For example, capital gains tax on profits when you sell is lower with holiday lets and you can claim more expesnes from your rent every year to reduce income tax.
Tax advantages like these can be a real boost when you see that some properties have achieved 25% increases in the first decade of the 21st century, though this won't continue.
Don't think that your holiday cottage need be beside the sea: many of the tourist hotspots and Heritage Trail cities such as York, Stratford, Bath and Edinburgh can attract rentals of up to £750 per week in the high season, enabling you to cover mortgage costs.
City properties also offer a safer year-round bet as it's easier to continuously attract occupants off season, and you can always take advantage of the accommodation yourself, if you want, as an added bonus.
If you have done your tenant screening and tenant verifying properly hopefully you won't have problems with your tenant paying rent. However, even with the best of intensions tenants can have difficulty paying their rent. Illness or sudden redundancy can strike at any time. If you are unlucky enough to get saddled with a bad tenant you could be in for a longish period of legal battles until you obtain possession through eviction.
Rent Guarantee Insurance therefore is an excellent and relatively inexpensive (3 to 5% of rental) way to minimise your risk and is especially valuable for landlords with perhaps only one property, which may be heavily mortgaged. Landlords with a portfolio of properties can usually stand a period of non-payment, whereas a single property owner may not be able to maintain mortgage payments in these circumstance, putting the whole investment at risk.
Rent Guarantee insurance is only obtainable once you have comprehensively verified your tenant - see Tenant Verify
Do your job well as a landlord or agent and 95% of all your lettings will be trouble free - screening tenants carefully is the key. However, no matter how careful you are, it is inevitable that at some time or another a problem tenant will slip through the net. This is the case even if, as a landlord, you use a professional agent.
Sometimes the difficulty is outside the ten's control, sometimes it is not, but in any event the outcome is usually the same - you are forced to spend your hard earned cash on legal fees. You will be very lucky if your possession proceedings take anything less than 4 months and costs are as low as £500. More likely it will take at lease six months and your costs can be above £1,000 and that's not counting loss of rent in the meantime and any damage the tenant has left.
A relatively small annual sum spent on landlord's legal expenses insurance can cover your for up to £50,000 worth of legal fees.
In the case of residential property it is the landlord's responsibility to insure the building and her contents, but this does not include the tenants' contents or accidental damage to the landlord's property, which would otherwise come out of the security deposit.
Many tenants just don't think about this with all the other expenses they are involved with when going into a rental - first month's rent up front, one to two month's rent as deposit, an administration fee, removing and removal expenses, buying new furniture and fittings etc. In fact few tenants are adequately covered in this regard and most have no cover at all.
With a good tenants insurance policy the tenant is insured for, for example:
Where the tenant has high value items such as cameras and computers additional cover may be required and the insurance company may stipulate additional security measures such as stronger locks on doors and windows in some cases.
The policy protects the tenant's security deposit against all accidental damage to the landlord's property for a surprisingly inexpensive premium. For example, a serious stain on a light carpet may mean the carpet's total replacement which would usually take the whole of the tenant's deposit. With insurance cover the tenant's deposit is safe.
In the case of business or commercial property it is usual practice for the landlord to arrange for the building insurance and to collect the insurance premiums from the tenant.
The landlord's insurance will also usually include public liability insurance and employer's liability insurance, if she employs trades people from time to time, even on a casual basis.
It is the business tenant's responsibility to take out their own business insurance which will include contents cover as well as all the usual business risks.
Insurers assess risks in different ways depending upon their formulae for the risks involved. Insurance is all about statistics and claims. If your properties have factors that attract more claims, or you personally have a high claims history, then inevitably your premiums will be higher.
Typical factors would include:
Be prepared to shop around and compare prices. The insurance advertisers on the LandlordZONE site have, in the main, been with us for many years. They specialise in rental property insurance and all have good reputations to keep.