Please Note: This Article is 7 years old. This increases the likelihood that some or all of it's content is now outdated.

All privately rented properties in Scotland which are covered by the Scottish Repairing Standard will need to comply with the statutory regulations involving mandatory electrical checks.

The new rules will come into force from the 1st of December 2015.

The Scottish Government has now finalised its guidance on mandatory electrical testing and under the new requirements landlords will have to have a fixed wiring Electrical Installation Condition Report (EICR) checks carried out at least every five years.

The EICR report is to include an appliance check report – a Portable Appliance Test or PAT test – for all electrical appliances in the property provided by the landlord, but not those belonging to tenants.

Any electrical item not permanently connected to the electrical installation should PAT tested.

The regulations say that anything in the property which uses the electrical supply must be on either EICR or PAT tested, unless the item belongs to tenant.

These new regulations will apply from:

1st December 2015 – for new tenancies entered into on or after this date, which included renewal tenancies.

1st December 2016 – for all existing tenancies

It is also a requirement that landlords use competent and qualified electricians who should be members of either SELECT or NICEIC or otherwise be is a position to complete the checklist in Annex A of the guidance – see below.

All EICRs and PATs checks carried out from 1st December 2015 must be documented on the report forms specified on pages 12 and 14 of the PRHP guidance to be acceptable under the regulations. In addition, all appliances checked must have test labels placed on them.

Enforcement of the electrical testing requirements is the responsibility of the Private Rented Housing Panel (PRHP).

The PRHP can issue a “Repairing Standard Enforcement Order” and ultimately a rent penalty for non-compliance, which will be a criminal offence.

Further information:

Private Rented Housing Panel (PRHP) Guidance here

Scottish Government Statutory Guidance on Electrical Installations and appliances in Private Rented Property here

Scotland’s trade association for the electrical industry

National Inspection Council for Electrical Installation Contracting (NICEIC)

Please Note: This Article is 7 years old. This increases the likelihood that some or all of it's content is now outdated.


  1. Why is a tenant allowed to take electrical equipment into a rented flat/house without it having a PAT ? Considering a Landlord has to have any electrical equipment tested with a certificate I think the tenant should also for their own equipment after all they could have faulty equipment without the Landlord knowing.

  2. Does anyone know exactly how often a PAT test is required in a rented property in Scotland? My agent (who has a history of charging for unnecessary work or over estimating what work is required…) says we have to do this every year, and they can do it for me. My electrician says the legislation does not specifically say every year and to wait and do it when the current lease expires, before the next tenants move in. Any advice?

  3. This is the advice in the Electrical Safety Council Guide for Scotland: see appendix D

    Further information relating to
    portable appliance testing
    Portable Appliance Testing (PAT)
    As you are required to ensure that all appliances such as electric kettles, fridges and
    washing machines provided as part of a tenancy agreement are safe, we recommend
    that you have these appliances tested by a registered electrician at the beginning of
    each tenancy and at regular intervals during any long term tenancies.
    The checks that need to be carried out by a registered electrician will include:
    checking that the connections inside the plug are correct and secure;
    that the fuse inside the plug is of the correct rating;
    that no bare wires are visible other than at the terminals inside the plug and
    appliance; and
    there is no sign of internal damage, overheating or entry of liquids, dust or dirt.
    The electrician will normally use a portable appliance test instrument to check the
    electrical characteristics of the electrical appliance. This type of tester is capable of
    carrying out a series of tests on an appliance, including tests for continuity and
    insulation resistance. Testing should be carried out by properly trained and
    experienced operatives, which is why we recommend a registered electrician be
    employed to carry out this work. See Section 8 ‘Finding an Electrician’ of this booklet.
    Frequency of portable appliance testing
    There are no specific legal requirements relating to the frequency of inspections and
    tests of electrical equipment (such as portable appliances). A risk assessment needs to
    be made in relation to the type of equipment, the users of electrical equipment and
    the environment in which the equipment is used. The Code of Practice for In-Service
    Inspection and Testing of Electrical Equipment (ISITEE) provides information relating to inservice
    inspection and testing of electrical equipment. The Health and Safety Executive
    document INDG236 Maintaining portable electrical equipment in offices and other low-risk
    environments is another useful source of information when considering the safety of
    electrical equipment.

  4. We have had a Tranent in our rented property for nearly 4 years. Pls advise if we require PAT testing now or by 1/12/16.

    Many thanks

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